There is wide agreement that prioritising on-road public transport services is beneficial, but considerable uncertainty about how best to implement priority measures in practice. As yet it is unclear why some transit priority schemes receive political, institutional and public support while others are blocked, cancelled or compromised, often for non-technical reasons. This paper explores how public policy analysis concepts can be adapted to describe and potentially improve transit priority implementation. Previous evaluation approaches have focused on the traffic, mobility and economic impacts of transit priority measures. What has been missing is a consideration of how politics, institutional arrangements and other non-rational factors influence priority implementation. They suggest that better policies and centralisation of decision-making might improve priority implementation. Incrementalism based models, on the other hand, suggest using a series of small changes to gradually increase the level of transit priority over time instead of a large, and potentially controversial, single step. It concludes with a description of opportunities for future research to test these new models and to explore the political, institutional and other factors influencing transit priority implementation. Moving beyond techno-rationalism : new models of transit priority implementation. N2 – There is wide agreement that prioritising on-road public transport services is beneficial, but considerable uncertainty about how best to implement priority measures in practice.
Rationalism, or a belief that we come to knowledge through the use of logic, and thus independently of sensory experience, was critical to the debates of the Enlightenment period, when most philosophers lauded the power of reason but insisted that knowledge comes from experience. Rationalism—as an appeal to human reason as a way of obtaining knowledge—has a philosophical history dating from antiquity.
While rationalism, as the view that reason is the main source of knowledge, did not dominate the Enlightenment, it laid critical basis for the debates that developed over the course of the 18th century.
Rationalist Theories of Politics: A Midterm Report – Volume 30 Issue 2 – Ronald Two textbooks have appeared to date: Riker, William H. and Ordeshook, Peter.
Rationalist Empiricism is a study of the dialectical relation between reason and experience in ancient, modern, and contemporary philosophy, engaging as well with political theory, the science of measurement, and experimental photography. Across these fields, it shows that coordinating the discrepant claims of rationalism and empiricism is the key to reconciling the speculative and critical vocations of theory and practice.
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New Rationalism: The Shape of Systems to Come | Reason & Time. Instructor: Reza Negarestani Module: 1&2 Date & Time: Sunday: January 11th, 18th,
LessWrong also written Less Wrong is a community blog and forum focused on discussion of cognitive biases , philosophy , psychology , economics , rationality , and artificial intelligence , among other topics. LessWrong promotes lifestyle changes believed by its community to lead to increased rationality and self-improvement. Posts often focus on avoiding biases related to decision-making and the evaluation of evidence.
One suggestion is the use of Bayes’ theorem as a decision-making tool. LessWrong is also concerned with transhumanism , existential threat and singularity. Observer noted that “Despite describing itself as a forum on ‘the art of human rationality,’ the New York Less Wrong group Branding themselves as ‘rationalists,’ as the Less Wrong crew has done, makes it a lot harder to dismiss them as a ‘ doomsday cult ‘. LessWrong developed from Overcoming Bias , an earlier group blog focused on human rationality, which began in November , with artificial intelligence theorist Eliezer Yudkowsky and economist Robin Hanson as the principal contributors.
In February , Yudkowsky’s posts were used as the seed material to create the community blog LessWrong , and Overcoming Bias became Hanson’s personal blog. In July , LessWrong contributor Roko posted a thought experiment similar to Pascal’s wager to the site in which an otherwise benevolent future AI system tortures simulations of those who did not work to bring the system into existence.
This idea came to be known as “Roko’s basilisk ,” based on Roko’s idea that merely hearing about the idea would give the hypothetical AI system stronger incentives to employ blackmail. Yudkowsky deleted Roko’s posts on the topic, saying that posting it was “stupid” and “dangerous”. Discussion of Roko’s basilisk was banned on LessWrong for several years because it reportedly caused some readers to have a nervous breakdown.
This anthology of more than forty pieces is a kaleidoscopic argument for the power and the glory of science. Breathtaking, brilliant and passionate, these essays, journalism, lectures and letters make an unanswerable case for the wonder of scientific discovery and its power to stir the imagination; for the practical necessity of scientific endeavour to society; and for the importance of the scientific way of thinking – particularly in today’s ‘post-truth’ world.
With an introduction and new commentary by the author, subjects range from evolution and Darwinian natural selection to the role of scientist as prophet, whether science is itself a religion, the probability of alien life in other worlds, and the beauties, cruelties and oddities of earthly life in this one. Alongside the explications, the celebrations and the controversies are wonderfully funny ventures into satire and parody, and moving personal reflections in memory and honour of others.
Rationalist Spirituality: An exploration of the meaning of life and existence ); Publication Date: March 16, ; Sold by: Services LLC.
O nce upon a time, there was a man who thought love was a maths problem. Something like that, who knows. Anyway, it sounds like finding a girlfriend was crazy hard before computers! He is currently 32 and works in finance, creating software that helps banks comply with regulations. His self-deprecating streak is tempered by optimism. In he moved to New York from North Carolina. Thanks to the volume of people using dating apps, it was suddenly possible to spend each night of the week with a different woman who was already intrigued by his online persona.
There was the cheesemaker. The fashion designer. Three different med-school students. Jacob liked them all. But cumulatively, the experience was overwhelming. Jacob knew he wanted to get serious with someone, but he found it hard to weigh the merits of each of these potential partners against each other. So he did what he knew best: he made a spreadsheet.
Rationalist Empiricism is a study of the dialectical relation between reason and experience in ancient, modern, and contemporary philosophy, engaging as well with political theory, the science of measurement, and experimental photography. Across these fields, it shows that coordinating the discrepant claims of rationalism and empiricism is the key to reconciling the speculative and critical vocations of theory and practice. Twenty-first-century philosophy has been drawn into a false opposition between speculation and critique.
Nathan Brown shows that the key to overcoming this antinomy is a re-engagement with the relation between rationalism and empiricism. Rationalist Empiricism shows that the capacity of reason and experience to extend and yet delimit each other has always been at the core of philosophy and science.
Members of the Federation of Indian Rationalist Associations too kept to Stay up to date on all the latest Bengaluru news with The New Indian.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz — German rationalist philosopher, mathematician, and logician. John Locke — philosopher. Any philosophy magnifying the role played by unaided reason, in the acquisition and justification of knowledge. The preference for reason over sense experience as a source of knowledge began with the Eleatics, and played a central role in Platonism. Its most significant modern development was in the 17th-century belief that the paradigm of knowledge was the non-sensory intellectual intuition that God would have into the workings of all things, and that human beings taste in their acquaintance with mathematics.
The Continental rationalists, notably Descartes, Leibniz, and Spinoza, are frequently contrasted with the British empiricists Locke, Berkeley, and Hume , but such oppositions usually oversimplify a more complex picture. For example, it is worth noticing the extent to which Descartes approves of empirical enquiry, and the extent to which Locke shares the rationalist vision of real knowledge as a kind of intellectual intuition.
In spite of the authority of Kant, the subsequent history of philosophy has tended to minimize or even to deny the possibility of a priori knowledge, so rationalism depending on this category has also declined. However the idea that the mind comes with pre-formed categories that determine the structure of our language and ways of thought has survived in the work of linguists influenced by Chomsky. The term rationalism is also used more broadly for any anti-clerical, antiauthoritarian humanism, but it is unfortunate that it is empiricists such as Hume who are in this other sense rationalists.
This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details may not fully reflect the modified file. File File history File usage Global file usage Metadata. This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons.
Occasionally I see people complaining that they cannot find a rationalist girlfriend. Fortunately, we have a survey! I understand this is debatable— as, in fact, rationalist girlfriends one did not meet through the community are still Rationalist Girlfriends— but we are looking for information on how to find a rationalist girlfriend, not a girlfriend you can convert to rationality. The largest correlation is with number of current partners Pearson correlation.
When I included only people who prefer monogamy, the correlation went down to. This suggests that, while ability to get laid plays a part in the strength of this correlation, a substantial amount of the correlation is that poly people are way more likely to get rationalist partners. The best thing you can do for your chance of getting a rationalist partner is to become poly. Karma score is another reasonably strong correlation. SAT Scores out of is correlated with likelihood of rationalist girlfriend.
I cannot explain this data. Supporting more immigration. So right-libertarians, you may still have some hope although neoreactionaries are screwed. Regardless, be sure not to talk about politics too much, because political interest is negatively correlated with finding a rationalist partner -.
The first Western philosopher to stress rationalist insight was Pythagoras , a shadowy figure of the 6th century bce. Noticing that, for a right triangle, a square built on its hypotenuse equals the sum of those on its sides and that the pitches of notes sounded on a lute bear a mathematical relation to the lengths of the strings, Pythagoras held that these harmonies reflected the ultimate nature of reality. The difficulty in this view, however, is that, working with universals and their relations, which, like the multiplication table, are timeless and changeless, it assumes a static world and ignores the particular, changing things of daily life.
The philosophers René Descartes (–), Nicolas Malebranche (–), Benedict Spinoza (–77), and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (–).
In philosophy , rationalism is the epistemological view that “regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge”  or “any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification”. In an old controversy, rationalism was opposed to empiricism , where the rationalists believed that reality has an intrinsically logical structure.
Because of this, the rationalists argued that certain truths exist and that the intellect can directly grasp these truths. That is to say, rationalists asserted that certain rational principles exist in logic , mathematics , ethics , and metaphysics that are so fundamentally true that denying them causes one to fall into contradiction. The rationalists had such a high confidence in reason that empirical proof and physical evidence were regarded as unnecessary to ascertain certain truths — in other words, “there are significant ways in which our concepts and knowledge are gained independently of sense experience”.
Different degrees of emphasis on this method or theory lead to a range of rationalist standpoints, from the moderate position “that reason has precedence over other ways of acquiring knowledge” to the more extreme position that reason is “the unique path to knowledge”. In recent decades, Leo Strauss sought to revive “Classical Political Rationalism” as a discipline that understands the task of reasoning, not as foundational, but as maieutic.
In the past, particularly in the 17th and 18th centuries, the term ‘rationalist’ was often used to refer to free thinkers of an anti-clerical and anti-religious outlook, and for a time the word acquired a distinctly pejorative force thus in Sanderson spoke disparagingly of ‘a mere rationalist, that is to say in plain English an atheist of the late edition The use of the label ‘rationalist’ to characterize a world outlook which has no place for the supernatural is becoming less popular today; terms like ‘ humanist ‘ or ‘ materialist ‘ seem largely to have taken its place.
But the old usage still survives.
Don’t have an account? What is a moral judgment? Jonathan Haidt and others who adopt a dual-process model of cognition see moral judgment as largely automatic and regard explicit reasoning as directed to the task of ex post facto justification and persuasion. This chapter argues that a capacity for diachronic agency is essential to moral deliberation and that once we focus on the full range of processes involved in moral decision-making it is not so clear that rationalism is undermined.
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This is a portal into the Bay Area rationalist community. We value truth over comfort, and results over effort, but effort over apathy. You’re invited to join us at the regular meetups described below. Check the calendar for other events that are open to the community! Here is a list of the reoccurring community events that currently or will soon exist:. These meetups range from hikes through the Berkeley hills to lightning talk sessions to group dinners and can be found on the calendar.
Drop by to discuss rationality, play board games or just socialize. You can join the bayarealesswrong google group for the most up-to-date information. The Bayesian Choir welcomes any new members who have experience in singing and want to sing cool songs with cool people. They meet every two weeks on Sundays in the East Bay.
You can find out more by reading this document , and you can get details about rehearsals by joining the Google group. See the calendar for info about upcoming meetups! Attending a CFAR workshop is a great way to get to know local community members, while learning more about applied rationality. Practices like authentic relating and circling are designed to help each of us feel more connection in our lives, and to more deeply understand other people.